Document Detail


Regulation of duodenal insulin-like growth factor I and active calcium transport by ovariectomy in female rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1508945     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
There is a significant body of data that supports the concept that reproductive hormones in females have effects on duodenal calcium transport that are not mediated via altered circulating concentrations of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D). Previously, we have shown parallel alterations in duodenal Ca transport and longitudinal bone growth rate in sexually maturing female rats in response to ovariectomy and estradiol (E) treatment of ovariectomized (OVX) rats (OVX+E) without any change in circulating levels of 1,25(OH)2D or parathyroid hormone. Results are presented here from experiments designed to: (i) further explore the relationship between 1,25(OH)2D and ovarian status in the regulation of duodenal calcium transport, and (ii) determine whether OVX and E replacement alter circulating and duodenal levels of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) that might be related to effects on Ca transport. Growth hormone, which has been shown to affect intestinal Ca absorption and vitamin D metabolism, is thought to act indirectly by stimulating IGF-I. Six-week-old female rats were OVX, given estradiol implants (OVX+E), and fed a diet containing either 0.5% or 0.1% Ca for 3 weeks. In both diet groups, the OVX animals exhibited a higher level of Ca transport, as measured by the everted gut sac method, than either the intact controls or the OVX+E group; there was no difference in calcium transport between the different diet groups. Although there was no difference in circulating levels of 1,25(OH)2D among the intact, OVX, and OVX+E groups fed either diet, animals fed the 0.1% Ca diet had higher circulating levels of 1,25(OH)2D than those fed the 0.5% Ca diet. There was no difference in duodenal levels of calbindin9K among intact, OVX, and OVX+E animals in either diet group, although the animals fed the 0.1% Ca diet had higher levels of calbindin9K than the animals fed the 0.5% Ca diet. In animals fed the 0.5% Ca diet, OVX resulted in elevated serum and duodenal levels of IGF-1, as compared with intact and OVX+E animals on the same diet. In animals fed the 0.1% Ca diet, there was no elevation of IGF-I in the OVX group relative to intact and OVX+E animals. These results lend additional support to the concept that alterations in duodenal active calcium transport that occur with alterations in ovarian hormones are not mediated by changes in serum levels of 1,25(OH)2D, but may be related to some factor related to growth, possibly IGF-I.
Authors:
W G Hope; M E Bruns; M L Thomas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  In Vitro; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine (New York, N.Y.)     Volume:  200     ISSN:  0037-9727     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med.     Publication Date:  1992 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-09-18     Completed Date:  1992-09-18     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505892     Medline TA:  Proc Soc Exp Biol Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  528-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston 77550.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Biological Transport, Active / drug effects
Body Weight / drug effects
Calcitriol / blood
Calcium / blood,  metabolism*
Drug Implants
Duodenum / drug effects,  metabolism*
Estradiol / administration & dosage,  blood,  pharmacology*
Female
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I / metabolism*
Intestinal Mucosa / drug effects,  metabolism*
Kidney / drug effects,  metabolism
Organ Size / drug effects
Ovariectomy*
Phosphates / blood
Rats
Reference Values
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
AG06242/AG/NIA NIH HHS; HD00556/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Drug Implants; 0/Phosphates; 32222-06-3/Calcitriol; 50-28-2/Estradiol; 67763-96-6/Insulin-Like Growth Factor I; 7440-70-2/Calcium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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