Document Detail

Regulation of Hypoxia Inducible Factors (HIF) in Hypoxia and Normoxia During Placental Development.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20869770     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
During the first trimester of pregnancy the human placenta develops in an hypoxic environment caused by the occlusion of uterine spiral arterioles by extravillous trophoblasts (EVT). This period of low oxygen tension is crucial for successful pregnancy. In low oxygen environments, Hypoxia Inducible Factors (HIF) are the main regulators in the transcription of a number of genes. Target genes can induce anaerobic processes, reducing oxygen consumption, or promote angiogenesis, which establishes and enhances the vascular environment. The HIFs can function throughout all stages of placental differentiation and growth both in normal and pathological pregnancies (compromised by hypoxia/ischemia). Interestingly, HIFs respond to a multitude of changes during pregnancy, including 1) low oxygen, 2) renin-angiotensin system (RAS), 3) cytokines, and 4) growth factors, all of which regulate placental function. This review explores oxygen-dependent and oxygen-independent regulation and the role of HIF in placental development and differentiation.
J Patel; K Landers; R H Mortimer; K Richard
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-09-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Placenta     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1532-3102     ISO Abbreviation:  Placenta     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006349     Medline TA:  Placenta     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  951-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
School of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Herston, Queensland 4029, Australia.
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