Document Detail

Regional myosin heavy chain expression in volume and pressure overload induced cardiac hypertrophy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8719259     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Although the overall shift towards the V3 myosin heavy chain (MHC) has been shown to be associated with cardiac hypertrophy, quantitative evidence describing regional expression is sparse. The aim of this study was to compare and contrast the regional ventricular myosin isoform expression in two distinct haemodynamic states: pressure and volume overload. Volume overload was achieved using an aortocaval fistula (ACF) model and pressure overload by two-kidney-one-clip (2K1C) hypertension. A separate group (UC-2K1C) had the clip removed 1 week prior to investigation. Sham operated rats (SHAM) served as controls. All groups were studied 4 weeks after surgery. Ventricular tissue samples (approximately 50 mg) were taken from the walls of the right ventricle (RV), septum and left ventricular (LV) free wall. Tissue samples (excluding RV) were divided into endocardium and epicardium, and myosin expression was determined using polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Cardiac hypertrophy was substantial in both LV (1.7-fold) and RV (1.9-fold) in ACF rats. The 2K1C rats had similar LV enlargement (1.6-fold) whereas RV hypertrophy was not as great (1.2-fold). Blood pressure (BP) was increased 65% in 2K1C rats, whereas there was no change in ACF rats with respect to SHAM animals. After unclipping (UC-2K1C), LV hypertrophy and BP had returned towards control levels. In general, V3 MHC expression was associated with increasing LV hypertrophy in both 2K1C and ACF models. However, there was a marked endo-epi differential (1.5:1) in the LV free wall and septum of 2K1C rats. In contrast, in ACF rats there was no differential V3 MHC expression in the LV or septal tissue, i.e. expression was similar in both endo- and epi-samples. Elevated expression of V3 MHC persisted despite normotension and regression of cardiac hypertrophy in UC-2K1C rats. Taken together with published results demonstrating that relative transmural myocyte hypertrophy in ACF rats (endo > epi) is in contrast to that seen in 2K1C rats (epi > endo), the present findings reveal that regional V3 myosin expression represents a distinct adaptational component of the overall cardiac hypertrophic response in both volume and pressure overload.
J S Dool; A S Mak; P Friberg; H Wahlander; A Hawrylechko; M A Adams
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta physiologica Scandinavica     Volume:  155     ISSN:  0001-6772     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Physiol. Scand.     Publication Date:  1995 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-09-17     Completed Date:  1996-09-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370362     Medline TA:  Acta Physiol Scand     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  396-404     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure*
Cardiac Volume*
Cardiomegaly / metabolism*
Endocardium / metabolism*
Heart Rate
Heart Septum / metabolism*
Heart Ventricles / metabolism*
Hypertension, Renovascular / metabolism
Myocardium / metabolism
Myosin Heavy Chains / biosynthesis*
Organ Size
Rats, Wistar
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Myosin Heavy Chains

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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