Document Detail


Regional myocardial perfusion and wall thickening during ischemia in conscious dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6496754     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We examined in conscious dogs the effects of reductions in myocardial blood flow (MBF) in three different layers across the wall on regional myocardial contractile function in the ischemic zone, measured as systolic wall thickening (%WT). In 16 dogs, %WT was measured with sonomicrometry and MBF was determined with microspheres (10- to 12-microns diam) during coronary stenosis of the left circumflex coronary artery. The stenoses were categorized into six groups by the effect on %WT (each group representing progressive 20% decrements in %WT from control), and individual and pooled regression analyses were performed on data from six of the dogs having multiple data points to evaluate the shape (linear or curvilinear) of the relationships between MBF and changes in %WT. Transmural contractile function was highly sensitive to acute reductions in MBF, especially reductions in the subendocardium. The shape of the normalized subendocardial MBF-%WT relation was mildly curvilinear by regression analysis (quadratic equation, gamma = -0.75x2 + 2.15x -0.39, r2 = 0.92). Likewise, mean transmural and midmyocardial MBF correlated well and closely with changes in %WT. Subepicardial MBF, however, correlated poorly with changes in %WT, there being no change in subepicardial MBF until %WT had been reduced more than 50%.
Authors:
K P Gallagher; M Matsuzaki; J A Koziol; W S Kemper; J Ross
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  247     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1984 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-12-12     Completed Date:  1984-12-12     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  H727-38     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Consciousness
Coronary Circulation*
Coronary Disease / physiopathology*
Coronary Vessels / physiopathology
Dogs
Heart Rate
Microspheres
Myocardial Contraction*
Radioisotopes / diagnostic use
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL-17682/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; HL-26596/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Radioisotopes

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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