Document Detail


Regional myocardial perfusion during atrial pacing in patients with coronary artery disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1260985     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Regional myocardial perfusion (RMP) was measured with 133xenon and a multiple-crystal scintillation camera at rest and during atrial pacing in 24 patients with normal coronary arteriograms or less than 50% lesions, Group I, and in 24 with significant (greater than 50% lesions) left coronary artery disease (CAD), Group II. Pacing induced increases in the double product (DP) of heart rate and systolic blood pressure, an index of myocardial oxygen consumption, were not different for Groups I and II. In Group I average mean LV perfusion rate was subnormal at rest but rose from 49 to 73 ml/100 g-min during pacing to 150/min without angina. A response index (RI), (deltaMP X 10(3)/deltaDP), averaged 2.93. Twenty patients in Group II developed angina during pacing. The average mean LV perfusion rose less than in Group I, from 48 to 64 ml/100 g-min (P less than 0.05) and the average RI, 1.76, was lower (P less than 0.01). In 19 of these patients, average RMP distal to the major coronary lesion increased from 46 to 58 ml/100 g-min; this increase during pacing was significantly less than in the remainder of the LV of 48 to 66 ml/100 g-min (P less than 0.05). Average regional RIs were 1.39 and 2.18, respectively. In three patients the presence of collaterals termed adequate by radiological criteria was not associated with preferential decreases in the distal regional RI. The data support the hypothesis that in some patients with CAD, angina pectoris results when an obstructive coronary lesion restricts the total or regional myocardial blood flow response to an increased rate of myocardial oxygen consumption.
Authors:
D H Schmidt; M B Weiss; W J Casarella; D L Fowler; R R Sciacca; P J Cannon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation     Volume:  53     ISSN:  0009-7322     ISO Abbreviation:  Circulation     Publication Date:  1976 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1976-07-06     Completed Date:  1976-07-06     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0147763     Medline TA:  Circulation     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  807-19     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Angina Pectoris / physiopathology
Blood Pressure
Coronary Circulation*
Coronary Disease / physiopathology*
Electrocardiography
Heart Atria*
Heart Rate
Humans
Myocardium / metabolism
Oxygen Consumption
Pacemaker, Artificial*
Rest
Xenon Radioisotopes
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Xenon Radioisotopes

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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