Document Detail


Regional fat metabolism in human splanchnic and adipose tissues; the effect of exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12231657     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study was conducted to investigate the role of splanchnic and adipose tissue in the regulation of fatty acid (FA) metabolism at rest, during 1 h of semi-recumbent cycle exercise at 60 % of maximal power output and 3 h of recovery. In six post-absorptive healthy volunteers catheters were placed in a radial artery, hepatic vein and a subcutaneous vein on the anterior abdominal wall. Whole body, and regional splanchnic and adipose tissue FA metabolism were measured by a constant infusion of the stable isotopes [U-(13)C]palmitate and [(2)H(5)]glycerol and according to Fick's principle. The whole body rate of extracellular FA reesterification was similar at rest and during exercise (approximately 290 micromol min(-1)) and increased during recovery to a plateau of 390 micromol min(-1). FA and triacylglycerol (TAG) uptake by adipose tissue was undetectable, but a constant but small glycerol uptake of approximately 25 nmol (100 g)(-1) min(-1) was observed. From the FA taken up by the splanchnic area, 13 % was oxidized, 5-11 % converted to ketone bodies, and approximately 35 % incorporated in TAG released both at rest and at the third hour of recovery from exercise. Splanchnic FA reesterification could account for 51 % and 58 % of whole body extracellular FA reesterification, of which half was accounted for by TAG released from the splanchnic area, at rest and in recovery, respectively. In conclusion, in the post-absorptive state, adipose tissue contributes very little to extracellular FA reesterification and splanchnic reesterification can account for 50-60 %, implying that FA reesterification in other tissues is important. The extracellular FA reesterification rate does not change with exercise but is higher during recovery. Furthermore, the uptake of glycerol by adipose tissue indicates that adipose tissue can metabolize glycerol.
Authors:
Gerrit Van Hall; Jens Bülow; Massimo Sacchetti; Nariman Al Mulla; Dorthe Lyngso; Lene Simonsen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of physiology     Volume:  543     ISSN:  0022-3751     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Physiol. (Lond.)     Publication Date:  2002 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-09-16     Completed Date:  2003-02-25     Revised Date:  2013-06-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0266262     Medline TA:  J Physiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1033-46     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
The Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre, University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
3-Hydroxybutyric Acid / metabolism
Abdomen
Acetates / metabolism
Adipose Tissue / blood supply,  metabolism*
Adult
Carbon Isotopes / diagnostic use
Deuterium / diagnostic use
Esterification
Exercise / physiology*
Fatty Acids / metabolism
Glycerol / pharmacokinetics
Humans
Liver / metabolism
Male
Palmitates / metabolism,  pharmacokinetics*
Regional Blood Flow
Splanchnic Circulation
Triglycerides / pharmacokinetics
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Acetates; 0/Carbon Isotopes; 0/Fatty Acids; 0/Palmitates; 0/Triglycerides; 300-85-6/3-Hydroxybutyric Acid; 56-81-5/Glycerol; 7782-39-0/Deuterium
Comments/Corrections

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