Document Detail


Regional distribution of cardiac output in unanesthetized baboons during +Gz stress with and without an anti-G suit.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7059329     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The radiolabeled (46Sc, 85Sr, 141Ce, and 125I) microsphere (15 mu diameter) technique was used to measure blood flow to most major organs of eight chronically instrumented, unanesthetized baboons during exposure to +5 Gz and +7 Gz stress. Exposure to +5 Gz with anti-G suit support resulted in tachycardia, increased total peripheral resistance, increased aortic pressure, decreased aortic flow velocity, decreased blood flow to visceral beds, and no change in cerebral or coronary blood flows. Exposure to +7 Gz with anti-G suit support, in most animals, caused tachycardia, small increases in coronary blood flow, increased arterial pressure, decreased aortic flow velocity, and decreased blood flow to the retina, kidney, liver, spleen, pancreas, and no change in cerebral blood flow. When the animals were exposed to +Gz without anti-G suit inflation, the reductions in aortic flow velocity were more dramatic and heart-level arterial pressure was decreased below baseline values. Coronary blood flow was still increased during +Gz without anti-G suit support. Brain blood flow decreased and the regional blood flows throughout the body were decreased further than during similar +Gz exposures with a G suit. These results indicate that the baboon compensates for the +Gz-induced decrease in cardiac output by a redistribution of blood flow away from the renal and splanchnic beds in an apparent effort to maintain blood flow to the brain and heart.
Authors:
M H Laughlin; J W Burns; M J Parnell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Aviation, space, and environmental medicine     Volume:  53     ISSN:  0095-6562     ISO Abbreviation:  Aviat Space Environ Med     Publication Date:  1982 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-04-20     Completed Date:  1982-04-20     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7501714     Medline TA:  Aviat Space Environ Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  133-41     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acceleration
Animals
Cardiac Output*
Cerebrovascular Circulation
Coronary Circulation
Female
Gravitation*
Gravity Suits*
Humans
Papio / physiology
Regional Blood Flow*
Renal Circulation

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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