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Regional alterations of JNK3 and CaMKII{alpha} subunit expression in the rat brain after soman poisoning.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21041242     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) and c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs) exert numerous and diverse functions in the brain. However, their role in nerve agent poisoning is poorly understood. In the present study, rats were exposed to soman (80 µg/kg) subcutaneously to study the changes in the protein levels of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II alpha subunit (CaMKIIα) and JNK3 and activities of acetylcholinestarase (AChE) and CaMKII in the rat brain. Western blot analysis revealed that significant changes were found in both the protein kinases expression. Immunoreactivity levels of neural specific JNK3 isoform increased from 2.5 hours to 30 days after soman exposure in cerebral cortex, hippocampus, striatum and thalamus regions and decreased in the case of cerebellum. CaMKIIα expression levels were also increased from 2.5 hours to 30 days after soman exposure in cerebral cortex, hippocampus, thalamus and down regulated in cerebellum. AChE activity remained inhibited in plasma and brain up to 3 days post exposure. CaMKII activity was increased in cerebrum and decreased in cerebellum. Results suggest that altered expression of both the protein kinases play a role in nerve agent-induced long-term neurotoxic effects.
Authors:
G Ramarao; Ck Waghmare; Nalini Srivastava; Bk Bhattacharya
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-11-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Human & experimental toxicology     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1477-0903     ISO Abbreviation:  Hum Exp Toxicol     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9004560     Medline TA:  Hum Exp Toxicol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  448-59     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Biochemistry, Defense Research and Development Establishment, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India. ramugolime@gmail.com.
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