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Regioisomer separation and identification of triacylglycerols containing vaccenic and oleic acids, and α- and γ-linolenic acids, in thermophilic cyanobacteria Mastigocladus laminosus and Tolypothrix sp.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22445652     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Reversed phase liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry (RP-HPLC/APCI-MS) was used for direct analysis of triacylglycerols (TAGs) from different strains of the cyanobacteria Mastigocladus laminosus, Tolypothrix cf. tenuis and Tolypothrix distorta. This technique enabled us to identify and quantify the specific molecular species of TAGs directly from lipid extracts of the cyanobacteria. The regioisomeric series of TAGs having α-linolenic and γ-linolenic and also oleic and cis-vaccenic acids were separated by RP-HPLC and identified by APCI-MS. M. laminosus produced only a few molecular species of TAGs, including both isomers of octadecenoic (oleic and vaccenic) acid, while T. distorta contained tens of molecular species of TAGs having FAs with up to four double bonds (stearidonic acid and including also its positional isomer, i.e. 3,6,9,12-octadecatetraenoic acid) and both positional isomers (α and γ) of linolenic acids. Individual strains of both cyanobacteria exhibited different contents of polyunsaturated fatty acids (Tolypothrix sp.) and different distribution of positional isomers of monoenoic fatty acids in TAGs (M. laminosus).
Authors:
Tomáš Rezanka; Jaromír Lukavský; Lucie Siristova; Karel Sigler
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Phytochemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-3700     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0151434     Medline TA:  Phytochemistry     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Vídeňská 1083, CZ-142 20 Prague 4, Czech Republic.
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