Document Detail


Regeneration of Freezing-Tolerant Spring Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Plants from Cryoselected Callus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16667913     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A cryoselection protocol has been developed that provides freezing-tolerant callus that, in turn, can regenerate plants with enhanced cold hardiness. Tolerant calli were selected from spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) callus by immersion in liquid nitrogen without addition of cryoprotectants. Less than 15% of the calli survived the initial challenge, whereas 30 to 40% of previously selected calli survived subsequent exposure. Seed progeny from five of 11 regenerant (R2) lines tested exhibited significantly enhanced tolerance to freezing at -12 degrees C. Thus, cryoselection appears to involve at least in part, selection for genetic rather than epigenetic variants. Analysis of one callus line indicated that cryoselection did not induce significant alterations in lipid composition, adenylate energy charge, or freezing point. An increase in the soluble sugar component was detected. Changes were also detected in the protein complement of microsomal membrane and soluble protein extracts of cryoselected callus. In all, seven unique proteins ranging from 79 to 149 kilodaltons were identified. The results demonstrate that freezing tolerant callus can be isolated from a heterogeneous population by cryoselection, and factors that contribute to hardiness at the callus level are biologically stable and can contribute to tolerance at the whole plant level.
Authors:
E J Kendall; J A Qureshi; K K Kartha; N Leung; N Chevrier; K Caswell; T H Chen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plant physiology     Volume:  94     ISSN:  0032-0889     ISO Abbreviation:  Plant Physiol.     Publication Date:  1990 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-29     Completed Date:  2010-06-29     Revised Date:  2010-09-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401224     Medline TA:  Plant Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1756-62     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
National Research Council of Canada, Plant Biotechnology Institute, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada S7N 0W9.
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