Document Detail


Reflex release of vasopressin and renin in hemorrhage is enhanced by autonomic blockade.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2405713     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We determined the relationships during hemorrhage between nominal blood volume (BV) and 1) plasma arginine vasopressin (AVP), 2) plasma renin activity (PRA), and 3) mean arterial pressure (MAP). Conscious rabbits were studied under normal conditions and during total autonomic blockade (TAB) at bleeding rates of 2 and 4 ml/min. Normally, MAP was well maintained until BV had been reduced to approximately 65% of control (termed 65% BV) after which it fell abruptly. The threshold for a rise in AVP was 80-75% BV, followed by exponential rises to levels of 14 and 24 times control at the slow and fast rate of bleeding. PRA rose earlier in hemorrhage, but this rise was more gradual, to values at 60% BV of 5.5 and 7 times control at the two rates of bleeding. During TAB, MAP fell rapidly and both BV concentration curves were shifted to the left with the rises in AVP and PRA/unit delta BV greater than normal; at 75% BV at each rate of hemorrhage, AVP and PRA had risen, respectively, to approximately 40 and 8 times control. Normally, the rises in the AVP and PRA (i.e., angiotensin II) concentrations were modest during the nonhypotensive phase, consistent with their minimal constrictor action observed in a parallel study. During the hypotensive phase, both reached high levels in the constrictor range. During TAB, high concentrations were reached with small BV loss, representing a model of near-maximum release of PRA and AVP.
Authors:
J R Oliver; P I Korner; R L Woods; J L Zhu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  258     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1990 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-03-05     Completed Date:  1990-03-05     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  H221-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Baker Medical Research Institute, Prahran, Victoria, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Arginine Vasopressin / blood*
Autonomic Nerve Block*
Blood Circulation
Hemorrhage / physiopathology*
Rabbits
Reflex / physiology*
Renin / blood*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
113-79-1/Arginine Vasopressin; EC 3.4.23.15/Renin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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