Document Detail

Refinement of echocardiographic criteria for left ventricular noncompaction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21944384     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular hypertrabeculation/noncompaction (LVNC) is a cardiac abnormality whose echocardiographic criteria are still controversial. Cooperation between echocardiographic laboratories may contribute to uniformly accepted criteria, as illustrated by the following pilot study. METHODS AND RESULTS: Echocardiograms proposed for inclusion into a registry were reviewed. Three experts with 17-26years experience with LVNC agreed on a common definition of LVNC: 1. >3 prominent trabeculous formations along the left ventricular endocardial border visible in end-diastole, distinct from papillary muscles, false tendons or aberrant bands; 2. trabeculations move synchronously with the compacted myocardium, 3. trabeculations form the noncompacted part of a two-layered myocardial structure, best visible at end-systole; and 4. perfusion of the intertrabecular spaces from the ventricular cavity is present at end-diastole on color-Doppler echocardiography or contrast echocardiography. During 3 sessions 115 cases (37% females, mean 57years) were reviewed. Eleven patients(18% females, mean 60years) were excluded because of <4 trabeculations(n=5), lack of a two-layered myocardial structure(n=1) and poor image quality(n=5). The observers agreed on inclusion or exclusion in all cases. Consensus was achieved that measurements of the thickness of the myocardial layers, and calculation of the noncompacted:compacted ratio is not feasible due to a lack of uniformly accepted standards for measurements. CONCLUSIONS: When diagnosing LVNC, end-systolic as well as end-diastolic images have to be considered. The presence of more than three trabeculations as well as a two-layered myocardium are required. Since these criteria are not anatomically controlled, a comparison of echocardiographic images with pathoanatomic findings for assessing sensitivity and specificity is urgently needed.
Claudia Stöllberger; Birgit Gerecke; Josef Finsterer; Rolf Engberding
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Publication Detail:
Type:  -     Date:  2011-9-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1874-1754     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8200291     Medline TA:  Int J Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung, Juchgasse 25, A-1030 Wien, Austria.
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