Document Detail

Reference values and determinants for handgrip strength in healthy subjects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18455840     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: To determine reference values and associated factors for handgrip strength among healthy adults. METHODS: Three hundred well nourished (SGA category A) subjects were studied, aged 18-90 years. Handgrip strength (HS) was determined using a hand dynamometer. Adductor pollicis muscle (APM) thickness and other anthropometric variables were also measured. Results were analyzed according to gender and age group. We carried out multiple linear regression in order to identify significant determinants of handgrip strength. RESULTS: HS is significantly associated with gender and decreases after age 60 years (p<0.001). Different reference values for each gender and age category are presented, for both dominant (DHS) and non-dominant hands (NDHS). APM showed a strong correlation with HS (R(2)=0.71 and 0.70, for DHS and NDHS, respectively). This association remained significant after adjustment for other variables such as gender, age and body mass index. CONCLUSION: Reference values are needed to allow the use of HS as a muscular function assessment tool. Values should be stratified by gender and age group. The combined use of HS and APM may be useful as a method for nutritional assessment.
Michele Berçôt Budziareck; Rodrigo Roig Pureza Duarte; Maria Cristina G Barbosa-Silva
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-05-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1532-1983     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2008 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-16     Completed Date:  2008-08-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309603     Medline TA:  Clin Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  357-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Programa de Pós-graduação em Saúde e Comportamento, Universidade Católica de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Age Distribution
Aged, 80 and over
Hand / physiology*
Hand Strength / physiology*
Linear Models
Middle Aged
Nutrition Assessment*
Reference Values*
Sex Distribution

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