Document Detail

Reference values for arm muscle area, arm fat area, subscapular skinfold thickness, and sum of skinfold thicknesses for American adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6541716     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Reference values for the mid-upper arm muscle area, mid-upper arm fat area, subscapular skinfold thickness, and sum of triceps and subscapular skinfold thicknesses of American adults were developed from data collected by the National Center for Health Statistics during the first National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1971 to 1974. The reference values were compared to other reference values derived from a similarly conducted cross-sectional survey of the American population, the Health Examination Survey of 1960 to 1962. These comparisons revealed that arm muscle area and subscapular skinfold thickness of men and arm muscle area of women continuously increase with aging from 18 to 74 yr; arm fat area and sum of skinfold thicknesses of men increase with aging from 18 to 34 yr but stabilize or decrease with further aging; and arm fat area, subscapular skinfold thickness, and sum of skinfold thicknesses of women increase with aging from 18 to 64 yr but decrease thereafter. As these parameters frequently change more than 20% over the period of a single decade, it is important that age be considered in nutritional evaluations based on anthropometric measurements. Changes in these four parameters with successive generations are also frequently large. Consequently, it is imperative that the reference values used in nutritional assessment protocols be updated at regular intervals.
C W Bishop
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  JPEN. Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition     Volume:  8     ISSN:  0148-6071     ISO Abbreviation:  JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr     Publication Date:    1984 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-12-14     Completed Date:  1984-12-14     Revised Date:  2007-02-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7804134     Medline TA:  JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  515-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Adipose Tissue / anatomy & histology
Age Factors
Anthropology, Physical
Arm / anatomy & histology*
Middle Aged
Muscles / anatomy & histology*
Reference Values
Skinfold Thickness*
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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