Document Detail


Redundant amodal properties facilitate operant learning in 3-month-old infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22055161     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The current study examined the role redundant amodal properties play in an operant learning task in 3-month-old human infants. Prior studies have suggested that the presence of redundant amodal information facilitates detection and discrimination of amodal properties and potentially functions to influence general learning processes such as associative conditioning. The current study examined how human infants use redundant amodal information (visual and haptic) about the shape of an object to influence learning of an operant response. Infants learned to kick to move a mobile of cylinders while either holding a cylinder, a rectangular cube, or no object. Kick rate served as the dependent measure. The results showed that infants given matching redundant amodal properties (e.g., viewed cylinders while holding a cylinder) showed facilitated operant learning whereas infants given mismatching redundant amodal properties showed inhibited operant learning. These results support and extend the Intersensory Redundancy Hypothesis by demonstrating that amodal redundancy influences complex learning processes such as operant conditioning.
Authors:
Kimberly S Kraebel
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2011-11-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Infant behavior & development     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1934-8800     ISO Abbreviation:  Infant Behav Dev     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-02     Completed Date:  2012-09-20     Revised Date:  2013-06-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7806016     Medline TA:  Infant Behav Dev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  12-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
SUNY Cortland, Cortland, NY 13045, USA. Kimberly.Kraebel@cortland.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Conditioning, Operant / physiology*
Female
Humans
Infant
Learning / physiology*
Male
Pattern Recognition, Visual / physiology*
Photic Stimulation / methods*
Reaction Time / physiology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R03 HD048420-01A2/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R03 HD48420-1A1/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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