Document Detail


Redundancy matters: flexible learning of multiple contingencies in infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23142036     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Many objects and events can be categorized in different ways, and learning multiple categories in parallel often requires flexibly attending to different stimulus dimensions in different contexts. Although infants and young children often exhibit poor attentional control, several theoretical proposals argue that such flexibility can be achieved without selective attention. If this is the case, then even young infants should be able to learn multiple dimension-context contingencies in parallel. This possibility was tested in four experiments with 14- and 22-month-olds. Learning of contingencies succeeded as long as there were multiple correlations between the context and the to-be-learned dimension. These findings suggest that infants can learn multiple dimension-context contingencies in parallel, but only when there is sufficient redundancy in the input.
Authors:
Vladimir M Sloutsky; Christopher W Robinson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2012-11-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cognition     Volume:  126     ISSN:  1873-7838     ISO Abbreviation:  Cognition     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-24     Completed Date:  2013-11-19     Revised Date:  2014-02-04    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0367541     Medline TA:  Cognition     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  156-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Attention / physiology*
Child Development / physiology*
Concept Formation / physiology*
Discrimination Learning / physiology
Female
Humans
Infant
Learning / physiology*
Male
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 HD056105/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01HD056105/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R03HD055527/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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