Document Detail


Reduction of vitamin A deficiency and anemia in pregnancy after implementing proposed prenatal nutritional assistance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22470033     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: Micronutrient deficiency is an unquestionable public health problem, specially anemia and vitamin A deficiency (VAD). This is due to the collective dimension of these carencies, which reflects on morbimortality rates in the maternal and infant group.
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the impact of a proposal for prenatal nutritional assistance, comparing the prevalence of anemia and VAD, in pre-intervention (GI) and intervention (GII) groups.
METHODS: this is a prospective intervention study in a cohort of pregnant women. The GI group was made up of 225 the GII group of 208 pregnant adults and their respective newborns, attended a Public Maternity Ward in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Concentration of hemoglobin was used to diagnose anemia and a standardized interview to diagnose night blindness (XN).
RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: after adjusting for confounding variables, through logistic regression, the protective effect of intervention at the onset of anemia (OR = 0.420; IC 95% = 0.251-0.702), with a significant reduction in prevalence, of 28.4% in the GI to 16.8% in the GII, also observed at the onset of XN (OR = 0.377; IC95% = 0.187- 0.759), with a reduction in prevalence of 18.7 % in the GI to 6.2% in the GII. Nutritional intervention has a beneficial effect on maternal health, reducing nutritional deficiencies most prevalent during pregnancy and the impact of these on the obstetric ailment.
Authors:
C Barbosa Chagas; A Ramalho; P de Carvalho Padilha; B Delia Libera; C Saunders
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrición hospitalaria     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1699-5198     ISO Abbreviation:  Nutr Hosp     Publication Date:    2011 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-03     Completed Date:  2012-08-07     Revised Date:  2013-07-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9100365     Medline TA:  Nutr Hosp     Country:  Spain    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  843-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Núcleo de Pesquisa em Micronutrientes, Instituto de Nutrição Josué de Castro, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. cbchagas@hotmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Anemia / therapy*
Anthropometry
Brazil
Cohort Studies
Female
Humans
Night Blindness / etiology,  therapy
Nutritional Support / methods*
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications / therapy*
Prenatal Care / methods*
Prenatal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Sample Size
Socioeconomic Factors
Vitamin A Deficiency / therapy*
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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