Document Detail

Reduction of verbally learned fear in children: A comparison between positive information, imagery, and a control condition.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21315873     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
This study explored the effects of positive information and imagery as ways of reducing a verbally installed fear in children. Seventy-two primary school children aged 9-13 years were first exposed to negative information to induce fear of a novel animal, and were then randomly assigned to three interventions: positive information, imagery, or a control condition. Outcome of various interventions was assessed by means of a standardized scale of fear beliefs and an index of confirmation bias (defined as the tendency to search for threat information in relation to the feared stimulus). Results indicated that both positive information and imagery were more effective in reducing fear than the control condition. Some evidence was also obtained showing that positive information was more effective than imagery, which suggests that this intervention represents the most optimal treatment approach when dealing with verbally acquired fears in children.
Peter Muris; Jorg Huijding; Birgit Mayer; Wendy van As; Sharon van Alem
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-11-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1873-7943     ISO Abbreviation:  J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0245075     Medline TA:  J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  139-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Institute of Psychology, Erasmus University Rotterdam, P.O. Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
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