Document Detail


Reduction of submaximal exercise myocardial oxygen demand post-walk training program in coronary patients due to improved physical work efficiency.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7064769     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To assess the effects of walk training on external work efficiency and the determinants of myocardial oxygen demand (MVO2), we measured total somatic oxygen consumption (VO2), heart rate (HR), and systolic blood pressure (SBP) in eight male coronary (CAD) patients during submaximal treadmill walking before and after at least 14 weeks of prescribed exercise. Each patient was tested before and after training at the individually determined horizontal treadmill speed that induced ischemic ST segment depression in the pretraining test. Although maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) did not increase significantly with training, submaximal exercise HR and the product of HR and SBP were significantly (p less than 0.05) reduced by 10% (120 leads to 108/min) and 16% (185 X 10(2) leads to 156 X 10(2)), respectively, and none of the patients had ischemic ECG changes after training. The reductions in the cardiac response to exercise were due primarily to a 10% decrease (18.9 leads to 17.1 ml/kg/min, p less than 0.05) in somatic oxygen requirements (VO2), indicating that the patients became more efficient walkers and reduced their MVO2 in proportion to the decreased total VO2. Thus, enhancement of external work efficiency, an extracardiac factor, can lessen myocardial energy costs (MVO2) and thereby raise the exercise threshold for cardiac ischemia in CAD patients even when aerobic capacity (VO2 max) is not increased.
Authors:
R H Dressendorfer; J L Smith; E A Amsterdam; D T Mason
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American heart journal     Volume:  103     ISSN:  0002-8703     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. Heart J.     Publication Date:  1982 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-05-21     Completed Date:  1982-05-21     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370465     Medline TA:  Am Heart J     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  358-62     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aerobiosis
Blood Pressure
Coronary Disease / physiopathology*,  therapy
Exercise Test
Exercise Therapy
Heart Rate
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardium / metabolism*
Oxygen Consumption*
Physical Exertion*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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