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Reduction in late-onset sepsis on relocating a neonatal intensive care nursery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22897216     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Aims:  The aims of this study were to compare rates of late-onset sepsis (LOS) in very preterm or very low birthweight infants before and after relocation to a new nursery and to determine risk factors for LOS. Methods:  The study was undertaken at The Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne, which relocated to a new site in June 2008. Infants with birthweight <1500 g or <32 weeks' gestation, born between July and December 2007 (n= 149) and July and December 2008 (n= 152) were included. Each septic episode was identified from blood cultures taken from patients >48 h after birth and was categorised as definite, probable, uncertain or no sepsis. Results:  Overall, 117 infants had 218 septic episodes. The proportion of infants with clinical LOS decreased from 29.5% in 2007 to 22.4% in 2008 after the relocation, although this was not statistically significant. There was a significant (P < 0.05) reduction in the severity (definite LOS = most severe) of sepsis in 2008 compared with 2007, and in rates of coagulase-negative staphylococcal LOS. Significant risk factors for LOS were: lower birthweight (g; mean -351, 95% confidence interval (CI) -446, -256); lower gestational age (weeks; mean -2.3, 95% CI -2.8, -1.7) and presence of a percutaneous inserted central catheter (odds ratio (OR) 2.56, 95% CI 1.03, 6.67). Conclusions:  There was a significant reduction in the severity of LOS in very preterm and/or very low birthweight infants that correlated with the relocation from the old to new nursery. Smaller and more immature infants with percutaneous central catheters were more at risk.
Alicia Rose Jones; Carl Kuschel; Susan Jacobs; Lex W Doyle
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of paediatrics and child health     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1440-1754     ISO Abbreviation:  J Paediatr Child Health     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9005421     Medline TA:  J Paediatr Child Health     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health © 2012 Paediatrics and Child Health Division (Royal Australasian College of Physicians).
The Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Melbourne Critical Care and Neurosciences Theme, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Parkville Neonatal Services, The Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
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