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Reduction and activation of circulating dendritic cells in patients with decompensated heart failure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19923020     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Dendritic cells (DCs) are the most potent antigen-presenting cells and play a central role in initiating the primary immune response. Although increasing evidence supports immune-mediated inflammation plays an important role in the pathophysiology of heart failure, little is known regarding the source and mechanism that trigger immune responses. The present study examined whether circulating DCs have any role in the pathophysiology in heart failure in humans.
METHODS AND RESULTS: With multi-color flow cytometry we determined the numbers of circulating myeloid DCs (mDCs) and plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs) in decompensated heart failure patients with NYHA class III or IV on admission (n=27) and the age-similar control subjects (n=21). DC activation markers such as CD40, and CCR7 were also measured. On admission, circulating mDC and pDC counts were significantly lower in decompensated heart failure patients compared to control subjects (p<0.01). Circulating mDCs and pDCs were activated in the decompensated heart failure patients. Heart failure treatment restored the reduction and the activation of circulating mDCs and pDCs (p<0.05). The increases of circulating DCs numbers after treatment were correlated with the decreases in B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and troponin-T (p<0.05) and with the increase in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (p<0.01). Furthermore, we found that poor recovery of the circulating DCs number after treatment predicted recurrence of decompensated heart failure.
CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the reduction and activation of circulating DCs may be involved in the pathophysiology of heart failure.
Authors:
Yusuke Sugi; Hideo Yasukawa; Hisashi Kai; Daisuke Fukui; Nobuyoshi Futamata; Kazuhisa Mawatari; Toyoharu Oba; Nobutaka Nagata; Sachiko Kyougoku; Mitsuhisa Koga; Tsutomu Imaizumi
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-11-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of cardiology     Volume:  147     ISSN:  1874-1754     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8200291     Medline TA:  Int J Cardiol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  258-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Kurume University, 67 Asahi-machi, Kurume 830-0011, Japan.
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