Document Detail

Reduction of acrolein by elemental iron: kinetics, pH effect, and detoxification.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16683621     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Acrolein is a highly toxic alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehyde that is widely used as a biocide, a cross-linking agent, and an intermediate in the chemical industry, among other applications. In this study we investigated the reductive transformation of acrolein by elemental iron and evaluated the feasibility of using iron to detoxify acrolein. At acidic and neutral pH, acrolein was transformed by iron through reduction of the C=C double bond to propionaldehyde. The reduction appeared to involve the chemisorption of acrolein to the iron surface followed by reduction of adsorbed acrolein. Both the adsorption and reduction rate constants decreased with increasing pH. Between pH 7.0 and 7.4, the acrolein adsorption rate constant decreased precipitously, resulting in a sharp decline in its removal rate. At higher pH, acrolein disappeared rapidly in control without iron, presumably due to reversible, base-catalyzed hydration. At equilibrium, approximately 93% of acrolein was hydrated, corresponding to an equilibrium constant of 13. Acrolein at 25 mg/L completely inhibited aerobic respiration; in contrast, its reduction product propionaldehyde was biodegradable. This suggests that elemental iron may be used to pretreat acrolein-containing wastes prior to aerobic biodegradation. To our knowledge, this is the first report of reduction and detoxification of an alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehyde by elemental iron.
Seok-Young Oh; Jaewoo Lee; Daniel K Cha; Pei C Chiu
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental science & technology     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0013-936X     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Sci. Technol.     Publication Date:  2006 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-10     Completed Date:  2006-09-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0213155     Medline TA:  Environ Sci Technol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2765-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Acrolein / chemistry,  isolation & purification*,  toxicity
Aldehydes / chemistry,  metabolism
Bacteria, Aerobic / metabolism
Biodegradation, Environmental
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Iron / chemistry*
Oxygen / metabolism
Waste Disposal, Fluid*
Water Pollutants, Chemical / isolation & purification,  toxicity
Water Purification / methods
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Aldehydes; 0/Water Pollutants, Chemical; 107-02-8/Acrolein; 123-38-6/propionaldehyde; 7439-89-6/Iron; 7782-44-7/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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