Document Detail

Reducing presurgical anxiety: a possible visitor effect.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3992294     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Previous research has suggested that the effectiveness of different types of preparatory information in reducing presurgical anxiety will depend on the locus of control orientation of the patient. This study examined this interaction and the relationship of presurgical anxiety to patient background variables. Subjects in this study were 60 female patients awaiting gallbladder surgery. Patients' state anxiety was assessed before and after the presentation of one of three types of information: reassurance, self-care instructions or a neutral message. Anxiety was measured with the Affect Adjective Check List (AACL), and locus of control orientation was measured with Rotter's I-E scale. The expected interaction of information type and locus of control orientation was not found, but anxiety differed significantly depending on the patient's age and whether or not the patient had had visitors. Patients' anxiety scores also declined significantly from initial to second AACL administration. Contact with visitors, including patients' contact with the investigator, appeared to be effective in reducing patients' anxiety. However, alternative interpretations for the significant findings are presented.
J Hartsfield; J R Clopton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social science & medicine (1982)     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0277-9536     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Sci Med     Publication Date:  1985  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-06-07     Completed Date:  1985-06-07     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8303205     Medline TA:  Soc Sci Med     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  529-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Anxiety / psychology,  therapy*
Cholecystectomy / psychology*
Internal-External Control
Middle Aged
Patient Education as Topic / methods
Sick Role
Visitors to Patients*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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