Document Detail


Reducing the population burden of cardiovascular disease by reducing sodium intake: a report of the Council on Science and Public Health.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17646599     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Across populations, the level of blood pressure, the incremental rise in blood pressure with age, and the prevalence of hypertension are directly related to sodium intake. Observational studies and randomized controlled trials document a consistent effect of sodium consumption on blood pressure. The majority of sodium consumption in the United States is derived from amounts added during food processing and preparation. Leading scientific organizations and governmental agencies advise limiting sodium intake to 2400 mg or less daily (approximately 6000 mg of salt). Substantial public health benefits accrue from small reductions in the population blood pressure distribution. A 1.3-g/d lower lifetime sodium intake translates into an approximately 5-mm Hg smaller rise in systolic blood pressure as individuals advance from 25 to 55 years of age, a reduction estimated to save 150,000 lives annually. With an appropriate food industry response, combined with consumer education and knowledgeable use of food labels, the average consumer should be able to choose a lower-sodium diet without inconvenience or loss of food enjoyment. In the continued absence of voluntary measures adopted by the food industry, new regulations will be required to achieve lower sodium concentrations in processed and prepared foods.
Authors:
Barry D Dickinson; Stephen Havas;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of internal medicine     Volume:  167     ISSN:  0003-9926     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Intern. Med.     Publication Date:  2007 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-07-24     Completed Date:  2007-08-28     Revised Date:  2008-03-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372440     Medline TA:  Arch Intern Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1460-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
American Medical Association, 515 N State St, Chicago, IL 60610, USA. barry.dickinson@ama-assn.org
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Cardiovascular Diseases / prevention & control*
Diet, Sodium-Restricted
Humans
Middle Aged
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Sodium, Dietary / administration & dosage*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Sodium, Dietary
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Arch Intern Med. 2008 Feb 11;168(3):332; author reply 332-3   [PMID:  18268181 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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