Document Detail

Reducing infant immunization distress through distraction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11950112     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Infant procedural distress is largely understudied, and there is a dearth of empirically supported interventions in the child health psychology literature. This study examined nurse-directed distraction for reducing infant immunization distress. Ninety infants and their parents were randomly assigned to a distraction condition (i.e., nurses used stimuli to divert infants' attention) or a typical care condition. Outcome measures were an observational scale, parent and nurse ratings, and infant heart rate. Results indicated that infants engaged in distraction and that distraction reduced their behavioral distress; however, ratings and heart rate were inconclusive. Analyses of procedural phases indicated that infants exhibited elevated distress immediately prior to and during an injection, but this distress was fleeting.
Lindsey L Cohen
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0278-6133     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Psychol     Publication Date:  2002 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-04-12     Completed Date:  2002-10-16     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211523     Medline TA:  Health Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  207-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, West Virginia University, Morgantown 26506-6040, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Child, Preschool
Immunization / adverse effects*,  nursing*
Pain / etiology,  prevention & control*
Stress, Psychological / etiology,  prevention & control*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Hostility explains some of the discrepancy between daytime ambulatory and clinic blood pressures.
Next Document:  Antibiotics: action and resistance in gram-negative bacteria.