Document Detail


Reducing fetal alcohol exposure in the United States.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23624962     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Fetal alcohol exposure is the leading preventable cause of birth and developmental defects in the United States. Despite a growing body of knowledge about the spectrum of disorders resulting from fetal alcohol exposure, 1 in 9 pregnant women continues to drink alcohol during pregnancy, and a small percentage of pregnant women continues to binge drink. Health care providers do not consistently screen pregnant women for alcohol use, nor do health professionals necessarily know how to counsel pregnant women effectively about the risks of fetal alcohol exposure. In this article, we review the epidemiology of fetal alcohol exposure and discuss current strategies for screening and prevention of fetal alcohol exposure. We also explore the multiple barriers that exist toward reducing alcohol-exposed pregnancies from the patient, provider, and systems perspectives. Finally, we make recommendations for improved clinical and public health strategies to eliminate fetal alcohol exposure in the United States. Target Audience: Obstetricians and gynecologists, family physicians Learning Objectives: After completing this CME activity, physicians should be better able to describe rates of fetal alcohol exposure in the United States, describe the demographic characteristics of women at highest risk for fetal alcohol exposure, counsel patients appropriately regarding the risk of poor fetal outcomes in association with fetal alcohol exposure, and understand the barriers to effective counseling about fetal alcohol exposure.
Authors:
Emily H Waterman; Dawn Pruett; Aaron B Caughey
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obstetrical & gynecological survey     Volume:  68     ISSN:  1533-9866     ISO Abbreviation:  Obstet Gynecol Surv     Publication Date:  2013 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-04-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401007     Medline TA:  Obstet Gynecol Surv     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  367-78     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Resident, Department of Family Medicine.
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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