Document Detail

Reducing dietary sodium intake: the Canadian context.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20130659     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Sodium is a required nutrient; Adequate Intakes for adults range from 1200 to 1500 mg*day(-1), depending on age. The Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL) for sodium is 2300 mg*day(-1) for adults, based on the relationship between sodium intake and increased blood pressure. Elevated blood pressure, which is prevalent among Canadians, is, in turn, a major risk factor for stroke, cardiovascular disease, and renal disease. Sodium intake is not the only determinant of blood pressure; other modifiable risk factors include relative mass, physical activity, overall dietary quality, and alcohol consumption. However, because >90% of adult Canadian men and two thirds of Canadian women have sodium intakes above the UL, Health Canada's Working Group on Dietary Sodium Reduction has been charged with developing, implementing, and overseeing a strategy to reduce Canadians' sodium intakes. It is estimated that approximately 75% of dietary sodium is added during food processing; in addition to taste and palatability, sodium also has functional roles in food manufacturing and preservation, although the amounts used often exceed those required. Because of the central role of processed foods in sodium intake, the strategy proposed by Health Canada's Working Group includes voluntary reduction of sodium in processed foods and foods sold in food service establishments. It will also include an education and awareness campaign, and research and surveillance. Initiatives to reduce sodium in other parts of the world have demonstrated that it will be challenging to reduce sodium intake to the recommended range and will likely require many years to accomplish.
Susan I Barr
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliqu?e, nutrition et m?tabolisme     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1715-5312     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl Physiol Nutr Metab     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-04     Completed Date:  2010-04-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101264333     Medline TA:  Appl Physiol Nutr Metab     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Food, Nutrition, and Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Food Habits
Food Handling / methods
Health Education / methods
Health Promotion / methods*
Hypertension / prevention & control*
Nutrition Policy*
Nutritional Requirements
Public Health
Sodium, Dietary*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Sodium, Dietary

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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