Document Detail


Reducing conflicts between motor vehicles and pedestrians: the separate and combined effects of pavement markings and a sign prompt.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15669404     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effects of a symbolic "yield here to pedestrians" sign and advance yield pavement markings on pedestrian/motor vehicle conflicts, motorists' yielding behavior, and the distance motorists' yield in advance of crosswalks were evaluated at multilane crosswalks at uncontrolled T intersections. In Experiment 1, the sign, when used alone, reduced pedestrian/motor vehicle conflicts and increased motorist yielding distance. The use of fluorescent yellow-green sheeting as the background of the sign did not increase the effectiveness of the sign. Further reductions in pedestrian/motor vehicle conflicts and further increases in yielding distance were associated with the addition of advance yield pavement markings. In Experiment 2, advance yield pavement markings, when used alone, were as effective in reducing pedestrian/motor vehicle conflicts and increasing yielding distance as the sign combined with pavement markings. These data suggest that the pavement markings were the essential component for reducing conflicts and increasing yielding distance.
Authors:
Sherry Huybers; Ron Van Houten; J E Louis Malenfant
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied behavior analysis     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0021-8855     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Behav Anal     Publication Date:  2004  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-01-26     Completed Date:  2005-04-07     Revised Date:  2010-09-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0174763     Medline TA:  J Appl Behav Anal     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  445-56     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Dalhousie University.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Automobile Driving*
Conflict (Psychology)*
Humans
Motor Vehicles*
Safety
Symbolism
Walking*
Comments/Corrections

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