Document Detail


Reduced transdermal absorption of N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide from a new topical insect repellent formulation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9552429     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Extensive absorption of the topical insect repellent N, N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET) causes systemic and local toxicities. This report describes the preparation and characterization of a new insect repellent formulation (FA), a PEG-polyacrylic acid polymer system, for its DEET release, in vitro skin permeation, and in vivo transdermal absorption properties; and for its relative repellency against Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. DEET release and skin permeation were studied in Franz diffusion cells. DEET transdermal absorption and relative repellency of FA were assessed in beagle dogs. A commercial DEET lotion (FB) and technical DEET (FC) were used as references. FA exhibited 19.5% and 61.7% decrease in DEET steady-state skin flux compared with FB and FC, respectively. At 15 mg DEET/kg, the absolute DEET transdermal bioavailability and Cmax were 13.4% and 154.3 ng/ml, respectively, for FA; and were 17.5% and 196.5 ng/ml, respectively, for FB. DEET half-lives (t1/2) for FA (2.52 hr) and FB (2.73 hr) were similar, while MRT for FA (4.99 hr) was significantly greater (p < 0.05) than that for FB (4.38 hr). FA showed lower mosquito biting rates at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 hr postdose at 0.5 mg DEET/cm2. FA exhibited reduced in vitro skin permeation and in vivo transdermal absorption of DEET as well as superior repellency compared with FB. The PEG-polyacrylic acid polymer system is of value in the formulation of DEET lotions.
Authors:
H Qiu; H W Jun; M Dzimianski; J McCall
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pharmaceutical development and technology     Volume:  2     ISSN:  1083-7450     ISO Abbreviation:  Pharm Dev Technol     Publication Date:  1997 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-04-29     Completed Date:  1998-04-29     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9610932     Medline TA:  Pharm Dev Technol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  33-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, University of Georgia, Athens 30602, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Administration, Topical
Aedes
Animals
Biological Availability
DEET / administration & dosage*,  pharmacokinetics*
Dogs
Female
Insect Repellents / administration & dosage*,  pharmacokinetics*
Male
Polyethylene Glycols
Skin Absorption*
Solubility
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Insect Repellents; 0/Polyethylene Glycols; 134-62-3/DEET

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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