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Reduced thalamic N-acetylaspartate in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: a controlled 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy study of frontal deep white matter and the thalamus using absolute quantification.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21217158     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Introduction Patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) frequently have a reduction in cerebral blood flow in the subcortical frontal lobe/basal ganglia/thalamic areas. With magnetic resonance spectroscopy, the metabolism in the brain can be examined. The aim of this study was to investigate if there was a compromised metabolism in the thalamus and in the subcortical frontal areas in INPH patients. This was done by measuring total creatine, myo-inositol, total choline, N-acetylaspartate (NAA), total N-acetylaspartate (tNA), glutamate and lactate levels. A comparison was made with healthy individuals (HI). Subjects and methods 16 patients (nine males, seven females, mean age 74 years, range 49-83) diagnosed as INPH and 15 HI (nine males, six females, mean age 74 years, range 62-89) were examined. (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1.5 T, point-resolved spectroscopy, echo time/relaxation time 30/3000 ms, volume of interest 2.5-3 ml) was performed in frontal deep white matter and in the thalamus. Absolute quantification with internal water as a reference was used. Results INPH patients had lower NAA (p=0.02) and lower tNA (p=0.05) concentrations in the thalamus compared with HI. NAA and tNA in the frontal deep white matter did not differ between patients and HI. The absolute metabolic concentrations of total creatine, myo-inositol total choline, tNA, lactate and Cr ratios in frontal deep white matter and in the thalamus were similar in INPH patients and HI. Conclusion Reduced thalamic NAA and tNA in INPH patients suggest a compromised metabolic neuronal function in these regions. Thus, the thalamus might have an important role in the pathogenesis of INPH.
Authors:
F Lundin; A Tisell; O Dahlqvist Leinhard; M Tullberg; C Wikkelsö; P Lundberg; G Leijon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-1-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1468-330X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-1-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985191R     Medline TA:  J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuroscience, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
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