Document Detail

Reduced sensitivity to emotional facial expressions in borderline personality disorder: effects of emotional valence and intensity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23342955     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
A heightened sensitivity towards negative emotional stimuli has been described for Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). We investigated whether a faster and more accurate detection of negatively valent information in BPD can be confirmed by means of a visual search task which required subjects to detect a face with an incongruent emotional expression within a crowd of neutral faces. Twenty eight BPD patients and 28 nonpatients were asked to indicate whether a set of schematic neutral faces (3 × 3, 4 × 4 matrices) contained a happy or an angry face. Besides valence, the intensity of the target's emotion was varied in two steps. BPD patients and nonpatients both demonstrated an anger-superiority effect. However, no higher sensitivity towards negative stimuli was observed in BPD compared to nonpatients. BPD patients seem to rely to a stronger extent on controlled, i.e., serial, attention demanding processes when searching more subtle social-emotional information with positive valence.
M Hagenhoff; N Franzen; L Gerstner; G Koppe; G Sammer; P Netter; B Gallhofer; S Lis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of personality disorders     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1943-2763     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pers. Disord.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8710838     Medline TA:  J Pers Disord     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  19-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
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