Document Detail

Reduced availability of sugar-sweetened beverages and diet soda has a limited impact on beverage consumption patterns in Maine high school youth.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18984489     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To examine change in high school students' beverage consumption patterns pre- and post-intervention of reduced availability of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and diet soda in school food venues.
DESIGN: A prospective, quasi-experimental, nonrandomized study design.
SETTING: Public high schools.
PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample from control (n = 221) and intervention (n = 235) high schools.
INTERVENTION: Schools aimed to reduce (n = 4) or not change (n = 3) availability of SSB and diet soda in food venues for 1 school year.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Subjects' beverage servings/day was determined from a food frequency questionnaire pre- and post-intervention.
ANALYSIS: Two-by-two mixed analysis of variance model compared pre- to post-intervention servings/day between control and intervention subjects, stratified by gender.
RESULTS: Consumption of SSB decreased in both intervention and control boys (F = 53.69, P < .05) and girls (F = 22.87, P < .05). Intervention girls decreased diet soda consumption as compared to control girls (F = 6.57, P < .05).
CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Reducing availability of SSB in schools did not result in a greater decrease in SSB consumption by intervention as compared to control subjects. The impact of reducing availability of SSB at school may be limited. A better understanding of beverage consumption patterns may be needed to determine the efficacy of school food policies on those youth susceptible to obesity.
Janet E Whatley Blum; Anne-Marie Davee; Christina M Beaudoin; Paul L Jenkins; Lori A Kaley; Debra A Wigand
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nutrition education and behavior     Volume:  40     ISSN:  1878-2620     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nutr Educ Behav     Publication Date:    2008 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-11-05     Completed Date:  2009-02-13     Revised Date:  2013-01-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101132622     Medline TA:  J Nutr Educ Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  341-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Exercise, Health, and Sport Sciences Department, University of Southern Maine, Gorham, Maine 04038, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Beverages / adverse effects,  statistics & numerical data*,  supply & distribution*
Carbonated Beverages / adverse effects,  statistics & numerical data,  supply & distribution*
Diet Surveys
Dietary Sucrose / administration & dosage*,  adverse effects
Food Dispensers, Automatic / statistics & numerical data,  utilization
Overweight / epidemiology,  prevention & control
Prospective Studies
Self Disclosure
Sweetening Agents / administration & dosage*
United States
Grant Support
03022//PHS HHS
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Sucrose; 0/Sweetening Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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