Document Detail

Reduced airway responsiveness in nonelite runners.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16331124     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: The effects of endurance training on airway responsiveness in nonasthmatic subjects are poorly defined. We hypothesized that airway responsiveness may differ between none-lite endurance athletes and sedentary subjects, and studied healthy, nonelite runners and sedentary controls by single-dose methacholine challenges carried out in the absence of deep inspirations, in that deep inspirations are known to oppose airway narrowing in nonasthmatic subjects. METHODS: A total of 20 nonasthmatic none-lite runners (mean age+/- SD: 43.0+/- 8.5 yr; training volume: 68 km.wk; range: 40-100; racing experience: 11+/- 8 yr) and 20 sedentary controls (age: 44.0+/- 20.6 yr) were studied, all of them being normo-reactive to standard methacholine challenge up to 25 mg.mL concentration. All subjects were studied at rest; six runners were also studied about 1 h after completing the Palermo marathon (December 8, 2001). The primary outcome of the study was the inspiratory vital capacity (IVC) obtained after single-dose methacholine inhalation at the end of 20 min of deep inspiration prohibition. RESULTS: At rest, IVC decreased by 10.5+/-8.1% after challenge with methacholine at 75 mg.mL in athletes, and by 24.3+/-16.1% after a methacholine concentration of 52+/-5.7 mg.mL in sedentary controls (P=0.002). The decreased response to methacholine in runners did not correlate with static lung volumes, amount of weekly training, or running experience. CONCLUSION: Methacholine challenge under deep inspiration prohibition revealed that endurance training attenuates airway responsiveness in nonasthmatic, none-lite runners. Airway hyporesponsiveness was potentiated after the marathon, suggesting involvement of humoral (i.e., catecholamine levels), airway factors (i.e., nitric oxide), or both in modulating airway tone after exercise.
Nicola Scichilone; Giuseppe Morici; Roberto Marchese; Anna Bonanno; Mirella Profita; Alkis Togias; Maria Rosaria Bonsignore
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2005 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-12-06     Completed Date:  2006-02-24     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2019-25     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Institute of Medicine and Pneumology, Respiratory Unit; University of Palermo, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Airway Resistance / physiology*
Bronchial Provocation Tests
Case-Control Studies
Inspiratory Capacity / physiology
Methacholine Chloride / pharmacology
Physical Endurance / physiology*
Respiratory Function Tests
Respiratory System / drug effects,  physiopathology*
Running / physiology*
Sports Medicine
Vital Capacity / physiology
Reg. No./Substance:
62-51-1/Methacholine Chloride

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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