Document Detail

Redox proteomics in study of kidney-associated hypertension: new insights to old diseases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22607037     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
SIGNIFICANCE: The kidney helps to maintain low blood pressure in the human body, and impaired kidney function is a common attribute of aging that is often associated with high blood pressure (hypertension). Kidney-related pathologies are important contributors (either directly or indirectly) to overall human mortality. In comparison with other organs, kidney has an unusually wide range of oxidative status, ranging from the well-perfused cortex to near-anoxic medulla.
RECENT ADVANCES: Oxidative stress has been implicated in many kidney pathologies, especially chronic kidney disease, and there is considerable research interest in oxidative stress biomarkers for earlier prediction of disease onset. Proteomics approaches have been taken to study of human kidney tissue, serum/plasma, urine, and animal models of hypertension.
CRITICAL ISSUES: Redox proteomics, in which oxidative post-translational modifications can be identified in protein targets of oxidative or nitrosative stress, has not been very extensively pursued in this set of pathologies.
FUTURE DIRECTIONS: Proteomics studies of kidney and related tissues have relevance to chronic kidney disease, and redox proteomics, in particular, represents an under-exploited toolkit for identification of novel biomarkers in this commonly occurring pathology.
David Sheehan; Louis-Charles Rainville; Raymond Tyther; Brian McDonagh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-06-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Antioxidants & redox signaling     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1557-7716     ISO Abbreviation:  Antioxid. Redox Signal.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-26     Completed Date:  2013-04-03     Revised Date:  2013-11-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100888899     Medline TA:  Antioxid Redox Signal     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1560-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Proteomics Research Group, Department of Biochemistry, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.
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MeSH Terms
Biological Markers / blood,  urine
Blood Proteins / analysis*
Hypertension, Renal* / blood,  complications,  urine
Kidney Diseases* / blood,  complications,  urine
Oxidative Stress*
Protein Carbonylation
Protein Processing, Post-Translational
Proteome / analysis
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biological Markers; 0/Blood Proteins; 0/Proteome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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