Document Detail

Redistribution of tissue blood flow after stellate ganglion block in the rabbit.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19916209     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to compare tissue blood flow at various sites before and after stellate ganglion block (SGB) and to discuss the redistribution of tissue blood flow after SGB. METHODS: We studied 16 male Japanese white rabbits. For SGB, the tip of a 26-gauge needle was placed on the left transverse process of the cervical vertebra, 1 to 2 mm caudal to the cricoid cartilage. Either 0.2 mL of 1% lidocaine (lidocaine group) or normal saline solution (saline group) was injected. In the lidocaine group, data were recorded immediately before SGB and at the time when the maximal change in the common carotid arterial blood flow was observed after SGB. In the saline group, data were recorded immediately before SGB and 3 minutes after SGB. Observed variables were blood pressure, heart rate, common carotid arterial blood flow, tongue mucosal blood flow, mandibular bone marrow blood flow (BBF), masseter muscle blood flow (MBF), quadriceps muscle blood flow, liver blood flow, and renal blood flow. RESULTS: Common carotid arterial blood flow, tongue mucosal blood flow, BBF, and MBF on the block side were increased, whereas BBF and MBF on the nonblock side and quadriceps muscle blood flow, liver blood flow, and renal blood flow were decreased after SGB in the lidocaine group. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that lower limb and visceral blood flow as well as blood flow on the nonblock side are redistributed to the block side after SGB. Redistribution from peripheral tissue may have a more important role than that of visceral blood flow redistribution after SGB.
Yui Terakawa; Tatsuya Ichinohe; Yuzuru Kaneko
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Regional anesthesia and pain medicine     Volume:  34     ISSN:  1532-8651     ISO Abbreviation:  Reg Anesth Pain Med     Publication Date:    2009 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-13     Completed Date:  2010-02-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9804508     Medline TA:  Reg Anesth Pain Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  553-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Dental Anesthesiology, Tokyo Dental College, Chiba, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Anesthetics, Local / administration & dosage
Autonomic Nerve Block*
Blood Pressure / physiology
Bone Marrow / blood supply
Heart Rate / physiology
Kidney / blood supply
Lidocaine / administration & dosage
Liver / blood supply
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology
Random Allocation
Regional Blood Flow / physiology*
Stellate Ganglion*
Tongue / blood supply
Treatment Outcome
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anesthetics, Local; 137-58-6/Lidocaine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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