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Redefining Reproductive Surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22348901     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
With the availability of and improvements in in vitro fertilization (IVF), the role of reproductive surgery has been questioned. Yet, the scope of reproductive surgery today is much larger than in the past. Hysteroscopic correction of intrauterine disease is an important endoscopic procedure in women with infertility. Evidence suggests that correction of intrauterine disease is often followed by spontaneous pregnancy and improved IVF outcome. Hysteroscopic examination should be considered after 1 failed IVF. Today, it is clear that removal of the hydrosalpinx leads to a higher IVF-related live birth rate. The procedure should be performed thoroughly without compromising the ovarian blood supply. The IVF pregnancy rate is not affected by the presence of ovarian endometriomas, and small endometriomas need not be removed; however, large and symptomatic endometriomas that interfere with oocyte retrieval should be excised. When excision of the cyst wall is difficult, fenestration and ablation should be considered. This might lead to an increased recurrence rate, but is associated with less interference of the ovarian reserve. Although the role of reproductive surgery as primary treatment for tuboperitoneal infertility is limited, it has an important role in enhancing the outcome of IVF treatment and in preservation of fertility. Surgical preservation of fertility consists of ovarian suspension, ovarian excision for cryopreservation, and ovarian tissue transplantation.
Togas Tulandi; Alicia Marzal
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of minimally invasive gynecology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1553-4669     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101235322     Medline TA:  J Minim Invasive Gynecol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 AAGL. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
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