Document Detail

Recurrence pattern of squamous cell carcinoma in the middle thoracic esophagus after modified Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17426905     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Despite increasingly radical surgery for esophageal carcinoma, many patients still develop tumor recurrence after operation. This study was designed to evaluate the recurrence pattern of squamous cell carcinoma in the middle thoracic esophagus after modified Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data of 196 patients who underwent modified Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy with two-field lymph node dissection from January 1997 to January 2001. Recurrence was classified as locoregional or hematogenous recurrence. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors of postoperative recurrence. RESULTS: The overall 3-year and 5-year survival rates in all patients were 53% and 31%, respectively. Recurrence was recognized in 96 patients (48.9%) in the 3 years after operation. The median time to tumor recurrence was 12.2 months. The pattern of recurrence was locoregional in 52 patients (mainly mediastinal in 41, single cervical/supraclavicular in 8), hematogenous in 44 patients (simultaneous locoregional and hematogenous in 10; mainly liver, bone, or lung in 39). The locoregional recurrence rate was significantly lower in patients with postoperative radiotherapy than that in patients without postoperative radiotherapy (p = 0.02). Logistic regression analysis showed that T3 (p = 0.032), N1 (p = 0.003), and postoperative radiotherapy (p = 0.022) were independent risk factors for tumor locoregional recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: About one half of the patients would develop recurrent disease within 3 years after modified Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy with two-field lymph node dissection, and most of them had mediastinal lymph node, liver, bone, or lung metastasis. Postoperative radiotherapy was beneficial in the control of locoregional recurrence.
Gang Chen; Zhou Wang; Xiang-Yan Liu; Fan-Ying Liu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  World journal of surgery     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0364-2313     ISO Abbreviation:  World J Surg     Publication Date:  2007 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-05-07     Completed Date:  2007-09-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7704052     Medline TA:  World J Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1107-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Thoracic Surgery, Shandong Provincial Hospital, Shandong University, 250021, Jinan, Shandong, China.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology,  surgery*
China / epidemiology
Esophageal Neoplasms / pathology,  surgery*
Esophagectomy / methods*
Logistic Models
Lymph Node Excision
Lymph Nodes / pathology
Lymphatic Metastasis
Middle Aged
Neoplasm Recurrence, Local* / epidemiology
Neoplasm Staging
Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Survival Rate

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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