Document Detail

Recruitment of a hidden population: African Americans with obsessive-compulsive disorder.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21983626     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a leading cause of disability worldwide, however for reasons that are poorly understood ethnic minority groups are not well represented in clinical research studies. Thus, although African Americans experience equivalent rates of OCD according to epidemiological surveys, the generalizability of findings from clinical trials remains unknown. Research designed to improve identification, assessment and treatment of OCD is an important public health priority. The purpose of this study is to report outreach methods used to recruit African American adults for participation in an OCD research study. A variety of methods were employed, including radio advertisements, public transportation advertising, community outreach, and online advertising. A total of 83 African American adult participants were recruited over a 9.5 month period at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, and given comprehensive psychiatric assessments. African Americans with OCD symptoms were reliably identified and assessed, for a total of 75 with lifetime OCD (4 past and 71 current diagnoses). There was variability in the success and cost effectiveness of study recruitment methods. Radio ads were the most expensive means of recruitment, newspaper ads accounted for the largest number of eligible participants, and no cost methods such as Craig's List and word of mouth were also effective. The authors conclude that, with focused efforts, there are many effective methods for recruiting African Americans with OCD. Guidelines for recruitment are discussed, with a focus on cultural considerations.
Monnica T Williams; Dante Proetto; Delane Casiano; Martin E Franklin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-09-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Contemporary clinical trials     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1559-2030     ISO Abbreviation:  Contemp Clin Trials     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-09     Completed Date:  2012-05-29     Revised Date:  2014-09-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101242342     Medline TA:  Contemp Clin Trials     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  67-75     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
African Americans*
Biomedical Research / methods*
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Follow-Up Studies
Minority Groups*
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder / diagnosis,  ethnology*
Patient Selection*
Philadelphia / epidemiology
Public Health*
Retrospective Studies
United States / epidemiology
Grant Support
3 R01 MH045404-17S1/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH045404/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH045404-17S1/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

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