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Recruitment and degeneration of mitochondrion-rich cells in the gills of Mozambique tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus during adaptation to a hyperosmotic environment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22487482     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Cellular recruitment and degeneration of branchial mitochondrion-rich (MR) cells were examined in Mozambique tilapia transferred from hypoosmotic to hyperosmotic water. To examine apoptosis in the gills associated with salinity change, tilapia were directly transferred from freshwater to 70% seawater. The TUNEL assay showed that apoptotic cells in the gills were significantly increased at 1day after transfer, which was supported by an electron-microscopic observation that gill MR cells underwent morphological changes characteristic of apoptosis such as an irregularly shaped electron-dense nucleus and distension of the tubular system. To further examine MR-cell recruitment, freshwater-acclimated tilapia were transferred either to freshwater or to 70% seawater after BrdU injection. Immunohistochemical detection of BrdU-labeled nuclei and Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase-rich MR cells allowed us to classify BrdU-labeled MR cells into two subtypes: a single MR cell and an MR-cell complex. Although newly generated single MR cells were observed similarly in both freshwater and 70% seawater-transferred fish, the density of MR-cell complexes was much higher in 70% seawater than in freshwater. Our findings indicated that transfer from hypoosmotic to hyperosmotic water enhanced apoptosis of freshwater-type MR cells, resulting in reduction in hyperosmoregulatory ability for freshwater adaptation, and stimulated the recruitment of MR-cell complexes to develop hypoosmoregulatory ability for seawater adaptation.
Authors:
Mayu Inokuchi; Toyoji Kaneko
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A, Molecular & integrative physiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1531-4332     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9806096     Medline TA:  Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Inc.
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