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Recruitment challenges and recommendations for adolescent obesity trials.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22250828     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Aim:  To report our experiences with recruiting overweight and obese 13- to 16-year-olds for the Loozit® weight management randomised control trial (RCT) and to identify effective strategies for recruiting adolescents from the community to a treatment trial. Methods:  The Loozit RCT is a two-arm, community-based, lifestyle intervention that aims to evaluate the effect of additional therapeutic contact provided via telephone coaching and electronic communications as an adjunct to the Loozit group programme. Strategic areas that were targeted to recruit adolescents included media, schools, health professionals and community organisations. The programme aimed to recruit a cohort of 12-16 adolescents (body mass index z-score range 1.0-2.5) aged 13-16 years every 3 months over 3 years. Information regarding recruitment and eligibility to participate was initially assessed during a telephone screen. The relative cost effectiveness of recruitment strategies was determined based on recruitment rates and costs including administrative costs and research assistant time. Results:  Out of 474 enquiries, 32% resulted in an enrolment to the RCT. Newspaper articles and school newsletters accounted for nearly 60% of enquiries and enrolments and were the most cost-effective recruitment strategies. Common reasons for ineligibility for inclusion in the RCT were adolescents being too young (21%) and parents consenting but adolescents refusing to participate (17%). Conclusions:  The most successful recruitment strategies for the Loozit RCT were local newspapers and school newsletters. Future studies should consider involving a Public Relations department and other potentially cost-effective strategies such as peer recruitment.
Authors:
Binh Nguyen; Kristy A McGregor; Janice O'Connor; Vanessa A Shrewsbury; Anthea Lee; Katharine S Steinbeck; Andrew J Hill; Smita Shah; Michael R Kohn; Louise A Baur
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of paediatrics and child health     Volume:  48     ISSN:  1440-1754     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9005421     Medline TA:  J Paediatr Child Health     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  38-43     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health © 2012 Paediatrics and Child Health Division (Royal Australasian College of Physicians).
Affiliation:
Academic Unit of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, Institute of Health Sciences, Leeds University School of Medicine, Leeds, United Kingdom University of Sydney Clinical School, The Children's Hospital at Westmead Primary Health Care Education and Research Unit, Primary and Community Health Network, Sydney West Area Health Service, and University of Sydney Centre for Research into Adolescents' Health (CRASH), The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
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