Document Detail

Recovery and pharmacokinetic parameters of desflurane, sevoflurane, and isoflurane in patients undergoing urologic procedures.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10526823     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the pharmacokinetics and the speed of recovery after inhalation anesthesia with desflurane, sevoflurane, and isoflurane in elective surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study. SETTING: University medical center. PATIENTS: 30 ASA physical status I and II adults presenting for elective surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Anesthesia was induced with etomidate and maintained with desflurane (n = 10), sevoflurane (n = 10), or isoflurane (n = 10) and nitrous oxide. The inhalation drugs were titrated until an adequate clinical depth of anesthesia was reached. At the end of anesthesia, the patients breathed oxygen via the endotracheal tube and after extubation via a face mask. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The groups were similar with respect to age, weight, duration of anesthesia, and mean arterial pressure. Mean end-tidal concentration (FA = FA0) at the end of anesthesia was 6.34 +/- 1.15% after desflurane, 1.85 +/- 0.42% after sevoflurane, and 1.10 +/- 0.24% after isoflurane. FA/FA0 decreased significantly faster with desflurane than with isoflurane, while there was little difference between desflurane and sevoflurane. As for the terminal half-life (t1/2), there were no differences among the groups (8.16 +/- 3.15 min after desflurane, 9.47 +/- 4.46 min after sevoflurane, and 10.0 +/- 5.57 min after isoflurane). The time until a command was followed for the first time was the same in all three groups (13.0 +/- 4.7 min after desflurane, 13.4 +/- 4.4 min after sevoflurane, and 13.6 +/- 3.4 min after isoflurane). There was no significant correlation between duration of anesthesia and the time until recovery. CONCLUSIONS: There are only minor differences with regard to the recovery phase in premedicated patients who receive clinically titrated inhalation anesthesia with desflurane, sevoflurane, or isoflurane.
M Behne; H J Wilke; V Lischke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical anesthesia     Volume:  11     ISSN:  0952-8180     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Anesth     Publication Date:  1999 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-12-02     Completed Date:  1999-12-02     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8812166     Medline TA:  J Clin Anesth     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  460-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Klinik fuer Anaesthesiologie, Intensivmedizin und Schmerztherapie, Klinikum der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universitaet, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Anesthesia Recovery Period
Anesthesia, Inhalation*
Anesthetics, Inhalation* / pharmacokinetics
Hemodynamics / drug effects
Isoflurane / analogs & derivatives*,  pharmacokinetics
Methyl Ethers* / pharmacokinetics
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Respiratory Mechanics / drug effects
Urologic Surgical Procedures*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anesthetics, Inhalation; 0/Methyl Ethers; 26675-46-7/Isoflurane; 28523-86-6/sevoflurane; 57041-67-5/desflurane

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