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Recovery of bovine lysozyme from transgenic sugarcane stalks: extraction, membrane filtration, and purification.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23329238     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Increased industrial use of sugarcane (Saccharum spp. hybrid) for food and bioenergy has led to considerable improvements in its genetic transformation, which allowed the development of not only pest- and herbicide-resistant lines but also lines expressing high-value bioproducts and biopolymers. However, the economic benefits of using inexpensive transgenic plant systems for the production of industrial proteins could be offset by high downstream processing costs. In this work, transgenic sugarcane expressing recombinant bovine lysozyme (BvLz) was used to evaluate the feasibility of extraction and fractionation of recombinant proteins expressed in sugarcane stalks. Three pH levels (4.5, 6.0 and 7.5) and three salt concentrations (0, 50, and 150 mM NaCl) were tested to determine BvLz and total protein extractability. Two extraction conditions were selected to prepare BvLz extracts for further processing by cross-flow filtration, a suitable method for concentration and conditioning of extracts for direct applications or prior to chromatography. Partial removal of native proteins was achieved using a 100 kDa membrane but 20-30 % of the extracted BvLz was lost. Concentration of clarified extracts using a 3 kDa membrane resulted in twofold purification and 65 % recovery of BvLz. Loading of concentrated sugarcane extract on hydrophobic interaction chromatography (HIC) resulted in 50 % BvLz purity and 69 % recovery of BvLz.
G O F Barros; M A T Ballen; S L Woodard; L R Wilken; S G White; M B Damaj; T E Mirkov; Z L Nikolov
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioprocess and biosystems engineering     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1615-7605     ISO Abbreviation:  Bioprocess Biosyst Eng     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101088505     Medline TA:  Bioprocess Biosyst Eng     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Texas A&M University, 2117 TAMU, College Station, TX, 77843-2117, USA,
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