Document Detail

Reconsidering the impact of preterm birth on language outcome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19748193     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Since preterm birth is associated with a constellation of pre-, peri- and post-natal risk factors, we hypothesised that prematurity may continue to impact the development of linguistic abilities even up to the end of the preschool years and beyond, giving rise to an atypical developmental trajectory. The study tested this hypothesis at six years of age, investigating whether language is affected by preterm birth and how different linguistic abilities are interrelated. METHOD: Seventy monolingual Italian preterms and 34 age-matched controls were recruited. Linguistic abilities (vocabulary, grammar, and phonological awareness) as well as general cognitive developmental levels were measured. RESULTS: No general cognitive delay emerged, but less developed abilities in vocabulary, grammar, and phonological awareness were found in preterms compared to fullterms. Moreover, the relations among the different linguistic competences differed across groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that even without brain damage, preterm birth continues to affect linguistic development up to the end of the preschool years, and probably beyond, highlighting a continuity between pre- and peri-natal life and subsequent development, and pointing to an atypical developmental trajectory in this population compared to fullterms (different rates of development, different strategies employed, and differences in the relationships among linguistic abilities).
Annalisa Guarini; Alessandra Sansavini; Cristina Fabbri; Rosina Alessandroni; Giacomo Faldella; Annette Karmiloff-Smith
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-09-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Early human development     Volume:  85     ISSN:  1872-6232     ISO Abbreviation:  Early Hum. Dev.     Publication Date:  2009 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-26     Completed Date:  2010-02-12     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708381     Medline TA:  Early Hum Dev     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  639-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, Italy. A. Guarini
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MeSH Terms
Case-Control Studies
Infant, Newborn
Language Development*
Premature Birth*

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