Document Detail

Reclassification of Promicromonospora pachnodae Cazemier et al. 2004 as Xylanimicrobium pachnodae gen. nov., comb. nov.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15280318     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The recently described facultatively anaerobic Promicromonospora pachnodae is phylogenetically only moderately related to authentic members of Promicromonospora. P. pachnodae is closely related to Xylanibacterium ulmi and slightly less closely related to Xylanimonas cellulosilytica and Isoptericola variabilis (basonym Cellulosimicrobium variabile). Members of the different genera of Promicromonosporaceae have similar chemotaxonomic properties; they share the same peptidoglycan type (A4alpha) and have similar profiles of polar lipids, menaquinones, fatty acids and whole cell sugars. However, they differ from each other in the detailed amino acid composition of peptidoglycan, a taxonomically significant character that has previously been used in the delineation of actinobacterial genera. Recognized Promicromonospora species and Xylanibacterium ulmi exhibit the L-Lys-L-Ala-D-Glu type, Xylanimonas cellulosilytica and I. variabilis show the L-Lys-D-Asp type, whereas P. pachnodae has the L-Lys-L-Ser-D-Glu type. This property, together with the distinct phylogenetic position of Promicromonospora pachnodae, suggests a novel genus for the xylanolytic organism Xylanimicrobium pachnodae (Cazemier et al. 2004) gen. nov., comb. nov.
Erko Stackebrandt; Peter Schumann
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology     Volume:  54     ISSN:  1466-5026     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2004 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-07-28     Completed Date:  2005-02-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100899600     Medline TA:  Int J Syst Evol Microbiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1383-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
DSMZ--Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und Zellkulturen GmbH, Mascheroder Weg 1b, 38124 Braunschweig, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Actinomycetales / chemistry,  classification*,  cytology,  physiology
Bacterial Typing Techniques
Carbohydrates / analysis
Cell Wall / chemistry
DNA, Bacterial / chemistry
DNA, Ribosomal / chemistry
Fatty Acids / analysis
Genes, rRNA
Peptidoglycan / chemistry
Phospholipids / analysis
RNA, Bacterial / genetics
RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
Sequence Homology
Vitamin K 2 / analysis
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Carbohydrates; 0/DNA, Bacterial; 0/DNA, Ribosomal; 0/Fatty Acids; 0/Peptidoglycan; 0/Phospholipids; 0/RNA, Bacterial; 0/RNA, Ribosomal, 16S; 11032-49-8/Vitamin K 2

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