Document Detail

Reciprocity is not give and take: asymmetric reciprocity to positive and negative acts.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19121138     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Unlike economic exchange, social exchange has no well-defined "value." It is based on the norm of reciprocity, in which giving and taking are to be repaid in equivalent measure. Although giving and taking are colloquially assumed to be equivalent actions, we demonstrate that they produce different patterns of reciprocity. In five experiments utilizing a dictator game, people reciprocated in like measure to apparently prosocial acts of giving, but reciprocated more selfishly to apparently antisocial acts of taking, even when the objective outcomes of the acts of giving and taking were identical. Additional results demonstrate that acts of giving in social exchanges are perceived as more generous than objectively identical acts of taking, that taking tends to escalate, and that the asymmetry in reciprocity is not due to gaining versus losing resources. Reciprocity appears to operate on an exchange rate that assigns value to the meaning of events, in a fashion that encourages prosocial exchanges.
Boaz Keysar; Benjamin A Converse; Jiunwen Wang; Nicholas Epley
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychological science     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1467-9280     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Sci     Publication Date:  2008 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-01-05     Completed Date:  2009-04-24     Revised Date:  2014-03-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9007542     Medline TA:  Psychol Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1280-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Decision Making / physiology
Games, Experimental
Interpersonal Relations*
Power (Psychology)
Social Behavior*
Students / psychology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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