Document Detail


Recent studies on the exposure of aircrew to cosmic and solar radiation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12382928     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Investigations of the impact of cosmic and solar radiation on aircrew involve many challenges. The great variety of primary and secondary ionising and non-ionising radiation, the wide range of energies involved and the role played by the Earth's atmosphere and magnetic field and the Sun combine to produce a very complicated scenario. These factors are reflected in conditions on aviation routes where exposure to radiation varies with altitude, latitude and stage of solar cycle. The great increase in air travel and consequent rise in numbers of aircrew whose occupation requires them to work in this environment has prompted new concern about exposure risks at aviation altitudes. The situation has also been highlighted by the tendency for aircraft to fly at higher altitudes in recent years and by the 1990 recommendations of the ICRP that exposure of civil aircrew be considered as being occupational. These have recently been translated into a legal requirement in the European Union. Several studies have been completed using a very wide range of detectors on subsonic and supersonic routes and new investigations are underway. With the completion of the DOSMAX project in another three years or so. world data for a whole solar cycle will be more complete than ever before. Results indicate that for most routes investigated during solar minimum, aircrew are unlikely to receive doses in excess of 6 mSv.y(-1).
Authors:
D O'Sullivan; D T Bartlett; P Beck; J-F Bottollier; U Schrewe; L Lindborg; L Tommasino; D Zhou
Related Documents :
24682658 - Total choline and choline-containing moieties of commercially available pulses.
24708958 - Carrageenan: a natural seaweed polysaccharide and its applications.
18720288 - Diacetyl exposures in the flavor manufacturing industry.
18767748 - Toxicity, repellency, and effects of acetamiprid on western subterranean termite (isopt...
2876808 - The digestive strategy and efficiency of the west indian manatee, trichechus manatus.
22467998 - Behavioral, ecological, and evolutionary aspects of meat-eating by sumatran orangutans ...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Radiation protection dosimetry     Volume:  100     ISSN:  0144-8420     ISO Abbreviation:  Radiat Prot Dosimetry     Publication Date:  2002  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-10-17     Completed Date:  2003-04-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8109958     Medline TA:  Radiat Prot Dosimetry     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  495-8     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, Ireland. dos@cp.dias.ie
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aerospace Medicine
Aircraft*
Altitude
Cosmic Radiation / adverse effects*
Humans
Occupational Exposure
Radiation Monitoring / methods*
Risk Assessment
Solar Activity
Solar Energy

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Dosimetric results from the Mir orbital station.
Next Document:  Application of solid state integrating dosemeters to the determination of biologically equivalent do...