Document Detail

Recent findings on the pharmacokinetics of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in synovial fluid.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2680211     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Synovial fluid concentration is considered to be an important determinant of clinical response to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Trans-synovial transport of these drugs is a process of limited diffusion, governed partly by the pharmacological characteristics of NSAIDs and partly by the properties of the joint and joint space themselves. The studies which report simultaneous pharmacokinetics of NSAIDs in both plasma and synovial fluid compartments are of 2 types: (1) some compare the concurrent concentrations of drugs in plasma and joint fluid after a single administration. These provide pharmacokinetic information: (2) others, which conform more closely to the therapeutic conditions, look at synovial fluid and plasma concentrations after repeated administration of the drug. Recent findings on the pharmacokinetics of NSAIDs in synovial fluid are reviewed. These studies reveal 2 types of NSAIDs, according to their pharmacokinetic behaviour. First, there are NSAIDs with a short or intermediate plasma elimination half-life. These drugs equilibrate rapidly relative to their elimination; their peak synovial fluid concentrations occur later and are lower than those in plasma. Several hours after administration there is crossover of the concentration curves, and beyond this point, concentrations in synovial fluid may exceed those in plasma. During prolonged treatment, the synovial fluid concentrations of these NSAIDs fluctuate to a much lesser extent than plasma concentrations. Secondly, there are NSAIDs with a long plasma elimination half-life; their peak concentration in synovial fluid is also lower and later than that in plasma. At steady-state their concentrations (total and free) in synovial fluid are about half those in plasma. Numerous variables must be taken into account in attempts to correlate synovial fluid NSAIDs concentrations with clinical response, including protein binding and determination of both active metabolites and (eventually) the enantiomers.
P Netter; B Bannwarth; M J Royer-Morrot
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical pharmacokinetics     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0312-5963     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Pharmacokinet     Publication Date:  1989 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-11-30     Completed Date:  1989-11-30     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7606849     Medline TA:  Clin Pharmacokinet     Country:  NEW ZEALAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  145-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Département de Rhumatologie, CHU de Nancy-Brabois, Vandoeuvre-Lès-Nancy, France.
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MeSH Terms
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / pharmacokinetics*
Synovial Fluid / metabolism*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal

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