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Recent economic evaluations of interventions to prevent cardiovascular disease by reducing sodium intake.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23881545     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Excess intake of sodium, a common problem worldwide, is associated with hypertension and cardiovascular disease (CVD), and hypertension is a major risk factor for CVD. Population-wide efforts to reduce sodium intake have been identified as a promising strategy for preventing hypertension and CVD, and such initiatives are currently recommended by a variety of scientific and public health organizations. By reviewing the literature published from January 2011 to March 2013, we summarized recent economic analyses of interventions to reduce sodium intake. The evidence, derived from estimates of resultant blood pressure decreases and thus decreases in the incidence of CVD events, supports population-wide interventions for reducing sodium intake. Both lowering the salt content in manufactured foods and conducting mass media campaigns at the national level are estimated to be cost-effective in preventing CVD. Although better data on the cost of interventions are needed for rigorous economic evaluations, population-wide sodium intake reduction can be a promising approach for containing the growing health and economic burden associated with hypertension and its sequelae.
Authors:
Guijing Wang; Barbara A Bowman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current atherosclerosis reports     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1534-6242     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Atheroscler Rep     Publication Date:  2013 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-07-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100897685     Medline TA:  Curr Atheroscler Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  349     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 4770 Buford Hwy, MS F-72, Atlanta, GA, 30341, USA, Gbw9@cdc.gov.
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