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Recent developments in the specific dermatoses of pregnancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22007708     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
During pregnancy, the mother undergoes changes to sustain and enable normal growth and development of the fetus. Common physiological changes include linea nigra, fibroepithelial polyps, striae, spider angioma, palmar erythema and pruritis gravidarum. However, there are some changes that are purely pathological, and these are termed the pregnancy-specific dermatoses (PSDs). The PSDs occur during pregnancy or in the immediate postpartum period. They do not include the various benign conditions or pre-existing dermatoses and tumours that may present or worsen with pregnancy. They do include a number of distinct and identifiable conditions: atopic eruption of pregnancy (AEP), polymorphic eruption of pregnancy (PEP), intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) and pemphigoid gestationis (PG). These are a heterogeneous group of skin conditions characterized by pruritis and inflammatory changes. In addition, pruritis gravidarum is sometimes considered pathophysiological and thus part of this group, rather than a physiological process. Each of these conditions has a distinct, but not fully understood, pathogenesis. The mechanisms leading to PSD may be a reflection on the hormonal and immunological changes associated with pregnancy. AEP and PEP are benign conditions, and although they can cause distress to the mother, they are otherwise minor. However, ICP and PG are more serious conditions, and both carry the potential for serious risks to both the mother and the fetus. Thus, the pathophysiology of these latter two conditions is considered in more detail in the following article.
Authors:
M P Beard; G W M Millington
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical and experimental dermatology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-2230     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7606847     Medline TA:  Clin Exp Dermatol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© The Author(s). CED © 2011 British Association of Dermatologists.
Affiliation:
School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK Department of Dermatology, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Norwich, UK.
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