Document Detail

Reasons for drinking alcohol: their relationship to psychosocial variables and alcohol consumption.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8359946     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The present investigation was designed to gain a better understanding of the psychosocial factors that predict reasons for drinking alcohol and how these drinking motives differentially relate to alcohol consumption. Four distinct reasons for drinking alcohol scales were established through factor analysis: drink to cope, drink to be sociable, drink to enhance social confidence, and drink for enjoyment. Multiple regression analyses showed that 1) each reason for drinking was predicted by a somewhat different set of demographic and psychosocial variables, and 2) the reasons for drinking, in turn, differentially predicted multiple indicators of quantity and frequency of alcohol consumption. Theoretical implications of the study results and suggestions for future research are discussed.
M J Smith; A Abbey; R O Scott
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The International journal of the addictions     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0020-773X     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Addict     Publication Date:  1993 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-09-30     Completed Date:  1993-09-30     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0123640     Medline TA:  Int J Addict     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  881-908     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Community Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48202.
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Psychological
Alcohol Drinking / psychology*
Alcoholic Beverages
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Self Concept
Social Adjustment
Social Behavior
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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